It is extremely important to know the meaning and process of photosynthesis, irrespective of the fact that whether it the part of one’s curriculum or not. The diagram given in this BiologyWise article is a small pictorial elaboration of the process of photosynthesis that will prove helpful for kids and teenagers to understand this vital process of the plant kingdom.
The world, our planet, and the life on it are merely a magic trick by God. Mother nature contains all living things and some non-living factors too. All the living things need some food to stay alive. We consume many different foods in a single day, cakes, burgers … well the list is almost endless. Similarly, other animals also consume some or the other type of foods. Deer eat grass, fish eat plants or small fish and microbes, that are present in the water. Animals such as lions and tigers eat other animals. But have you ever wondered, what do plants eat?
What is Photosynthesis?
The process that plants carry out in the presence of radiant energy in order to create their food is known as photosynthesis. This process is one of the reasons because of which man and other forms of life are alive on the Earth today. This process basically occurs in the green parts of leaves. This process requires the following ingredients.
Soil does not become directly involved in the process of photosynthesis, but the plant absorbs some important ingredients, that are present in the soil. Chlorophyll is actually a chemical that is found in most of the plants and imparts green color to them. The process of photosynthesis actually becomes possible due to the chlorophyll that is present in plant leaves. During this process of food generation, the following reaction takes place:
6 CO2 + 6 H2O → (in the presence of sunlight) C6H12O6 + 6 O2
According to the diagram of photosynthesis, the process begins with three most important non-living elements: water, soil, and carbon dioxide. Plants begin making their ‘food’, which basically includes large quantities of sugars and carbohydrate, when sunlight falls on their leaves. The ‘food’ is then stored aside by the plant and some of it is consumed during the day. This process goes on till the end of the day (until sunlight is available). The ‘food’ that is prepared by the plants is always in excess and humans and other animals consume it through different sources such as fruits and vegetables. Animals and human beings in return breathe out carbon dioxide during the process of cellular respiration. This carbon dioxide is in turn used by the plants to make more food. The rains and accumulated water table provides water to the plants and the sun provides light (radiant energy) every day. This process is thus, nothing but a cycle that goes on and on. According to the facts of this phenomenon, this cycle has been going on for almost 3,500 million years, which is quite a long time.
The process of photosynthesis is the reason why all animals and human beings are alive today. Hence, it is absolutely necessary to help plants, to complete this food-producing process. We can simply follow this by not plucking their leaves and watering them every day.