Making an animal cell model is fun and interesting, in which you get to learn the various types of cell organelles, their shapes, and functions. Go through this article to understand the easy steps on how to make such a model.
An animal cell is an advanced and eukaryotic type of cell that is isolated from animal species. An animal cell lacks the protective cell wall, and hence the shape of the cell is framed by a plasma membrane. Inside the cell, there are various membrane-bound organelles, each of which is responsible for specific functions.
Topics concerning plant cell vs. animal cell and their similarities are introductory chapters in science subjects. They provide information about the types and functions of cells. However, demonstrating cell models is a better way to understand the lessons precisely, and also in an interactive manner. Thus in biology experiments, students are often given assignments to prepare an animal cell diagram.
First of all, try to understand the anatomy and parts of a typical eukaryotic cell. A better alternative is to examine the shapes and structures of the organelles in a labeled animal cell diagram. This will help you in coming up with innovative ideas for your project. With a little creativity and forethought, you can prepare a model with less effort. Following is a step by step procedure for building a labeled animal cell model:
Required Materials and Supplies
- Colorful animal cell picture
- Styrofoam balls
- Playdough (or modeling clay)
- Cardboard for base
- Pipe cleaners
- Duct tape or regular tape
- Glue or adhesive
- Box cutter
- Knife and scissors
Gather the required supplies. Select a large and detailed animal cell picture with colorful parts. For the cell nucleus, you can purchase a small ball or Styrofoam block from the garden supplier. You can make remaining cell organelles from this block or playdough.
It is better to make the individual organelles before and stick to the cardboard base with adhesive or pins. Otherwise, working directly on the model will make the job more tedious and messy. Accordingly, prepare a list of the cell parts, which you are supposed to build. Remember to make appropriate-sized organelles with respect to the model size.
Lay the cardboard base and start building an animal cell model. To create the plasma membrane, you can use a large rubber band and paint it with a brush. Then, stick the nucleus (round plastic ball or Styrofoam ball) in the center with the help of duct tape or glue. For chromatin structures, you can use pipe cleaners in a random manner.
Cut out different shapes of Styrofoam that resemble cell organelles and color each of them with different shades. With reference to the labeled animal cell diagram, attach the colored pieces to the cardboard one by one, making sure that they occupy the correct positions in the model.
For better understanding, prepare a key on a paper sheet and illustrate the various cell parts. Ensure that the spellings are correct and if possible, explain their main functions in one or two lines. Finally, document the steps of making this model, especially if you are presenting it in a science fair project.
After completion of the task, you will be familiar with the functions of the organelles. You can look out for different animal ideas and choose the best for your project. Be accurate with the cell shape, structure, and organelles to get good scores.